Fort Recovery (1793-1796) - Established in 1793 by Maj. Henry Burbank on the site of the 1791 St. Clair Massacre. Abandoned in 1796.
In 1794 General "Mad" Anthony Wayne marched his troops toward the heart of the hostile Indian indian country near the present day city of Maumee, Ohio. Along the way, he carefully constructed a line of forts from Fort Washington to Fort Deposit as supply points and to secure communications and supply lines. The forts were about a day's march from each other. General Wayne was the third American general to attempt to control what had become a confederation of hostile Indian tribes with British support, he did not want to repeat the mistakes of his predecessors who both failed with horrific results.
Fort Recovery was originally built in December 1793 as a rectangular palisaded fort with single story blockhouse bastions at each of the four corners. The 20' square blockhouses were later upgraded by adding a second story and a lookout cupola on top.
The fort was built on the 1791 site where General Arthur St. Clair suffered a major defeat that cost some 900 americans killed out of a force of about 1200. The disaster caused General Washington to force General St. Clair's resignation and he placed General "Mad" Anthony Wayne in charge of an elite force to finish the war.
In July 1794, Indians launched a night attack against Fort Recovery. The attack was repulsed by the American soldiers with twenty two soldiers lost in the battle. The Indians losses were forty dead and twenty wounded. This defeat discouraged the Indian tribes and led to a split in their confederation and a leadership change. General Wayne's decisive victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers and the resulting Treaty of Green Ville in 1795 ended the conflict.
Fort Recovery was abandoned in 1796.
Part of the Fort Recovery State Memorial. The Memorial Park has a partial reconstruction of one stockade wall, two blockhouses, a separate museum building, a period cabin and a blacksmith shop.
Location: Fort Recovery, Mercer County, Ohio.
Maps & Images
Lat: 40.4141667 Long: -84.7808333
- Roberts, Robert B., Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States, Macmillan, New York, 1988, 10th printing, ISBN 0-02-926880-X, page 646
- North American Forts - Fort Recovery
- Wikipedia - Fort Recovery
- Ohio Historical Society - Fort Recovery
Visited: 6 Sep 2010
Fort Recovery Picture Gallery
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