Fort Marcy (2)
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Fort Marcy (2) (1846-1894) - A U.S. Army post established in 1846 by Brigadier General Stephen Watts Kearny at Santa Fe in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. Named for Secretary of War William Marcy. Abandoned in 1894. Also known as Post at Santa Fe.
Fort Marcy (2) History
Established 23 Aug 1846 by Brigadier General Stephen Watts Kearny during the Mexican War. General Kearny brought a force of 2,500 men into New Mexico from Fort Leavenworth and claimed the territory for the United States. Most of the Mexican defenders at Santa Fe left for Mexico and Santa Fe was surrendered without a fight.
General Kearny ordered fortifications built at Santa Fe and 1st Lt. William H. Emory, U.S. Topographical Engineers, selected a site at the top of a hill overlooking the town. 1st Lt. Jeremy F. Gilmer, U.S. Corps of Engineers supervised the construction of an earthworks and blockhouse on the selected site.
Fort Marcy evolved into a post split between the fortification at the top of the hill and the area below, around the Governor's Palace. The area below became a cantonment for the fort with officer housing, administrative and quartermaster functions. The fortification at the top of the hill fell into disuse without a threat. The lower post was bounded by present day Federal, Washington, Palace and Grant Avenues.
Fort Marcy was deactivated and the garrison withdrawn on 23 Aug 1867 but some military functions remained and the post came to be known as Post at Santa Fe. The post was reactivated in 1875 and abandoned again in 1891 and permanently abandoned on 10 Oct 1894. The reservation was transferred to the Interior Department on 28 Jun 1895.
Two sites in Santa Fe, Santa Fe County, New Mexico. The upper post is now in the Old Fort Marcy City Park but all that remains visible are dirt mounds where the earthworks and the block house were located. The lower post has only a few buildings remaining with a connection to the Fort Marcy era, the Governors's Palace and one of the six original Fort Marcy officer's quarters buildings on Lincoln Avenue.
USGS Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Database Entry:
- Name: Fort Marcy Type: Historical Class: Military ID: 918419
- Location: Santa Fe County, New Mexico, US, FIPS Code: 35049
- Latitude: 35.6955556, Longitude: -105.9338889, Elevation: 7054 Map: Santa Fe
- As Of: 01 Feb 1993
- Source: U.S. Board on Geographic Names
Location: Santa Fe, Santa Fe County, New Mexico.
Maps & Images Lat: 35.689579 Long: -105.938673
Recently Blog Posts:
- Roberts, Robert B., Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States, Macmillan, New York, 1988, 10th printing, ISBN 0-02-926880-X, page 527
- Hart, Herbert M., Tour Guide to Old Western Forts, Pruett Publishing Co., Boulder CO, 1980, ISBN 0-87108-568-2,page 102-103
Visited: 21 Mar 2013
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