Fort Hetzel

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Fort Hetzel (1837-1838) - A Trail of Tears Cherokee removal fort first established in 1837 in East Ellijay, Gilmer County, Georgia. Named Fort Hetzel probably after Captain Abner R. Hetzel, (Cullum 494). Abandoned in 1838.

Fort Hetzel New Marker.

History of Fort Hetzel

Established in 21 Oct 1837 by Captain William Derrick and one Georgia mounted company. Reportedly assembled 1100 captured Cherokee Indians for transport to Fort Cass by June 1838.

The remnants of the Cherokee Nation were rounded up in 1838 by Federal forces and Georgia Militia and pressed into military stockades for eventual removal to reservations in the western Indian Territory. U.S. General Winfield Scott oversaw the operation but lacked control over the militia units. Some 7,000 U.S. Soldiers and Georgia Militia forced some 15,000 Cherokee Indians into stockades and held them for removal. The condition were terrible in the stockades and on the trail to the Indian Territory and many of the Cherokees died before reaching the new reservations. As many as 4,000 Cherokees may have died in the stockades and on the 800 mile journey west. The removal process and the conditions of removal came to be known as the "Trail of Tears".

This post was abandoned about 20 Jul 1838.

Current Status

Fort Hetzel old marker fixed to the back of the New Marker.

Marker at 1st Ave. and GA 515, East Ellijay, Gilmer County, Georgia. The old marker location is now the parking lot of a Walmart.


Location: East Ellijay, Gilmer County, Georgia. Fort Map point is the possible fort site location. The old and new marker locations are also shown.

Maps & Images

Lat: 34.65722 Long: -84.48969

See Also:

Sources:

Links:

Visited: 6 May 2016


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