Fort Defiance (14)

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Fort Defiance (14) (1861-1865) - A Confederate U.S. Civil War Fort established in 1861 near New Providence, Montgomery County, Tennessee. Named Fort Sevier when first built, captured by Union forces in February 1862 and renamed Fort Bruce after Colonel Sander D. Bruce and finally named Fort Defiance. Abandoned at the end of the war in 1865.

Fort Defiance Display Cannon.
Fort Defiance DisplayCannon.
Fort Defiance Earthworks and Sallyport.

History of Fort Sevier

A Confederate U.S. Civil War Fort established in 1861 under the direction of West Point graduate Major Jeremy F. Gilmer, (Cullum 989). One of three forts intended to provide for the defense of Clarksville, Tennessee. The other two forts being the adjacent Fort Clark and Fort Terry to the northeast on the Red River.

Fort Sevier Plan.
Fort Sevier & Fort Clark Newspaper Map.

Major Gilmer hired Edward Sayers, a civilian engineer, to oversee construction and work progressed well into January 1862 and the guns were being mounted at that time.

With the Union capture of Fort Donalson and Fort Henry in Feb 1862, Admiral Andrew H. Foote approached Fort Sevier and found it abandoned. When captured the fort had three guns mounted.

Union Colonel Sanders D. Bruce's brigade command occupied the fort in December 1862 and remained there until the end of the war. Colonel Bruce expanded the fort and it was renamed for him.

The fort became a magnet for black freedmen and many were recruited into the U.S. Colored Troops (USCT). The 16th USCT and one company of the 9th US Colored Heavy Artillery were raised at Clarksville.

The fort was abandoned in 1865 at the end of the war.


Current Status

Fort Defiance Interpretive Center.

The earthworks remains of the fort are preserved at the Fort Defiance Interpretive Center and the adjacent city park.



Location: New Providence, Montgomery County, Tennessee.

Maps & Images

Lat: 36.54088 Long: -87.37345

See Also:

Sources:

Links:

Visited: 13 May 2016


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