Edgewood Arsenal

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Edgewood Arsenal (1917-Present) - A U.S. Army chemical arsenal established in 1917 during World War I near present day Edgewood, Harford County, Maryland. Active military installation.

Soldiers Walking Through Smoke Screen June 1942
Edgewood Arsenal Mortar Crew Removing Caps from Shells June 1942
Soldiers wearing gas masks at Edgewood Arsenal June 1942

Edgewood Arsenal History

A chemical weapons arsenal established in 1917 and located in the present day Edgewood area of the Aberdeen Proving Ground. The Edgewood area is about 13,000 acres on the west side of the Bush River that was used for the development and testing of chemical agent munitions. This area was originally a separate U.S. Army installation known as Edgewood Arsenal until October 1971 when it merged with Aberdeen Proving Ground and became the Edgewood Area of Aberdeen Proving Ground. From 1917 to the present, the Edgewood area conducted chemical research programs, manufactured chemical agents, and tested, stored, and disposed of toxic materials.

Also located on the arsenal grounds was Fort Hoyle and the BA-18 Nike Missile fire control and missile launch sites, all now deactivated.

Active military installation.

Current Status

Part of Aberdeen Proving Ground, Harford County, Maryland.


Location: Edgewood Area of Aberdeen Proving Ground, Harford County, Maryland.

Maps & Images

Lat: 39.4014485 Long: -76.2981606

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Edgewood Arsenal Picture Gallery

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