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Camp Travis (1917-1922) - A World War I training camp established in 1917 in San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas. Named Camp Travis after William B. Travis, martyred hero of the Alamo. Absorbed into Fort Sam Houston in 1922.
History of Camp Travis
Established in 1917 as one of sixteen National Army Camps in preparation for U.S. involvement in World War I. The Camp occupied 18,290 acres, with 5,730 acres adjacent to Fort Sam Houston. The site was selected on 15 Jul 1917 and by 25 Aug 1917 it was ready for the troops and by October 1917 there were 31,000 troops from the 90th U.S. Infantry Division at the camp. See the World War I page for a listing of the training camps.
The first camp commander was Major General Henry T. Allen who formed and trained the 90th U.S. Infantry Division mainly composed of draftees and volunteers from Texas and Oklahoma. In the early summer of 1918, the 90th U.S. Infantry Division left for the front in France. On 22 Aug 1918 the 18th U.S. Infantry Division under the command of Brigadier General George H. Estes (Cullum 3599) was formed at Camp Travis. The 18th Division was in training when the war ended on 11 Nov 1918.
After the war ended Camp Travis became a demobilization center and discharged some 62,500 troops over a period of 8 months. The Camp became a part of Fort Sam Houston in 1922.
Part absorbed into Fort Sam Houston in 1922 and parts became private property, San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas.
Location: Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas.
Maps & Images
Lat: 29.4807867 Long: -98.4483497
- Roberts, Robert B., Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States, Macmillan, New York, 1988, 10th printing, ISBN 0-02-926880-X, page 779
- Rinaldi, Richard A., The US Army in World War I - Orders of Battle, Tiger Lily Publications LLC, 2004, 244 pages
- Brief Histories of Divisions, U.S. Army: 1917-1918, U.S.A. General Staff, June 1921, 92 pages
- North American Forts - Camp Travis
- The Handbook of Texas On-Line - Camp Travis
- Archives - Camp Travis and Its Part in the War
- New River Notes - World War I Forces
Camp Travis Picture Gallery
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