Camp Sheridan (4)

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Camp Sheridan (4) (1917-1919) - A U.S. Army World War I National Guard Mobilization and Training Camp first established in 1917 near Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama; sometimes referred to as Vandiver Park, from the name of the nearest railroad station at the time. Named Camp Sheridan in G.O. 95, 18 Jul 1917, after General Philip H. Sheridan (Cullum 1612), U.S. Civil War General. Abandoned in 1919.

Camp Sheridan 45th Infantry circa 1918
Camp Sheridan 112th Engineers 5 Dec 1917

World War I

One of sixteen U.S. Army National Guard Mobilization and Training Camps established in 1917 to train and integrate National Guard units for service in a U.S. Army division. Camp Sheridan was established 20 July 1917 under the supervision of construction quartermaster Major A. W. Reynolds. The camp was to originally have a capacity of about 41,000 officers and enlisted men that would become the 37th U.S. Infantry Division. The camp was mostly completed in November 1917 with an eventual cost of $ 3,700,000.

The first commander of the camp was Major General William R. Smith (Cullum 3459) who formed the 37th U.S. Infantry Division and initiated troop training. The 37th organized on 26 August 1917 and departed for France on 23 Jun 1918. The 37th returned to the U.S. in March 1919 and was demobilized at Camp Sheridan.

At the end of the war the camp became a demobilization center until it was abandoned 15 Mar 1919.

Current Status

Markers and display gun in Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama.


Location: Johnson Avenue east of Lower Wetumpka Road in Montgomery, Montgomery County, Alabama. Map point is marker location.

Maps & Images

Lat: 32.42651666 Long: -86.28301666

Sources:

  • Roberts, Robert B., Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States, Macmillan, New York, 1988, 10th printing, ISBN 0-02-926880-X, page 15
  • Ayres, Leonard Porter, The War with Germany: A Statistical Summary, U.S. War Department, 2nd Ed, 1919, 147 pages
  • Rinaldi, Richard A., The US Army in World War I - Orders of Battle, Tiger Lily Publications LLC, 2004, 244 pages
  • Brief Histories of Divisions, U.S. Army: 1917-1918, U.S.A. General Staff, June 1921, 92 pages

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