Camp Doniphan

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Camp Doniphan (1917-1918) - A U.S. Army World War I National Guard Mobilization and Training Camp first established in 1917 near Lawton, Comanche County, Oklahoma. Named Camp Doniphan in G.O. 95, 18 Jul 1917, after Colonel Alexander W. Doniphan, who served in the Mexican War. The post was abandoned in 1918.

World War I (1917-1918)

One of sixteen U.S. Army National Guard Mobilization and Training Camps established in 1917 to train and integrate National Guard units for service in a U.S. Army division. Camp Doniphan was established in July 1917 under the supervision of construction quartermaster Major George D. Guyer on a site of about 2,000 acres in a reservation of about 67,713 acres. The camp was to have a capacity of about 27,152 officers and enlisted men (one Pershing division that would become the 35th U.S. Infantry Division. Capacity grew to accommodate 46,183 persons and 1,267 buildings. The camp was completed in 1917 at a first fiscal year cost of $ 2,796,228.50.

The first commander of the camp was Major General William M. Wright who organized the 35th U.S. Infantry Division on 13 Sep 1917 and initiated training. The 35th departed the U.S. through Camp Mills and the Hoboken Port of Embarkation on 25 Apr 1918 arriving in France on 11 May 1918. The 35th returned to the U.S. and was demobilized 30 May 1919 at Camp Funston (1), Kansas.

At the end of the war Camp Doniphan was abandoned and the temporary buildings were removed.

Current Status

No remains on the Fort Sill (1) post, Comanche County, Oklahoma.


Location: On Fort Sill post, Lawton, Comanche County, Oklahoma. Yellow filled area indicates where most of the post structures were. See the Camp Doniphan Map.

Maps & Images

Lat: 34.670276 Long: -98.427975

Sources:

  • Roberts, Robert B., Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States, Macmillan, New York, 1988, 10th printing, ISBN 0-02-926880-X, page 653
  • Rinaldi, Richard A., The US Army in World War I - Orders of Battle, Tiger Lily Publications LLC, 2004, 244 pages
  • Brief Histories of Divisions, U.S. Army: 1917-1918, U.S.A. General Staff, June 1921, 92 pages

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