Baton Rouge Arsenal
Baton Rouge Arsenal (1826-1869) - A U.S. Army arsenal established in 1826 as an arms depository and depot in Baton Rouge, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. The arsenal and the adjacent Baton Rouge Barracks were surrendered to Louisiana State Militia forces at the beginning of the U.S. Civil War and later in 1861 were transferred to CSA control. Returned to Union control in 1862. Abandoned as an arsenal in 1869.
Baton Rouge Arsenal History
Construction began in 1819 on a powder magazine and ordnance building. The ordnance building was defective and was rebuilt in 1828. The main arsenal building was built in 1829 and destroyed by a storm after the U.S. Civil War.
The arsenal and the adjacent Baton Rouge Barracks were surrendered to Louisiana State Militia forces on 10 Jan 1861 at the beginning of the U.S. Civil War and later in 1861 were transferred to CSA control.
Union forces took back the barracks and arsenal for the duration of the war after the battle of Baton Rouge, 5 Aug 1862. They constructed an earthworks around both the arsenal and the barracks that was named Fort Williams (2) after Union General Thomas Williams (Cullum 902) who was killed in the battle of Baton Rouge. After the U.S. Civil War the arsenal was used to store surrendered arms and ordnance from dismantled fortifications.
Discontinued as an arsenal in 1869. A public sale was held in 1870 to dispose of the accumulated weapons and other gear. In Jun 1871 ordnance department personnel were withdrawn and the post was used by the Infantry and quartermaster.
The 1838 powder magazine was restored in 1962 and established as the Old Magazine Museum in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
Visited: 9 April 2016