Junipero Serra

From FortWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Junipero Serra (1713-1784) - Born Miquel Josep Serra on 24 Nov 1713 in Petra, Majorca, Spain. He became a Monk of the Catholic order of St. Francis at age sixteen. He traveled to Mexico and then to California where he established the California Mission chain and nine of the missions in Alta Province of New Spain (California). He died on 28 Aug 1784 at Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo in present day Carmel, California. Buried under the chapel floor at the Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo.

Father Junipero Serra Statue at Mission San Jose
Grave of Father Serra at Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo

Father Serra traveled to Mexico in 1749 and there became a missionary to native Indian tribes. He spent seven years in a Mexico City Convent before traveling to Baja (Lower) California to resume his missionary work in 1767. In 1769, he traveled to Alta (upper) California to establish a chain of missions as Father Presidente of both Baja and Alta California.

Father Serra's Room at Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo

He established nine missions in Alta (Upper) California before his death in 1782:

  1. 1769 - Mission San Diego de Alcala
  2. 1770 - Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo
  3. 1771 - Mission San Antonio de Padua
  4. 1771 - Mission San Gabriel
  5. 1772 - Mission San Luis Obispo
  6. 1776 - Mission San Francisco de Asis
  7. 1776 - Mission San Juan Capistrano (2)
  8. 1777 - Mission Santa Clara de Asis
  9. 1782 - Mission San Buenaventura

Father Serra died on 28 Aug 1784 at Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo in present day Carmel, California. He is buried beneath the floor of the sanctuary at Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo Church along with Father Fermin Lasuen and Father Juan Crespi. Pope John Paul II visited Father Serra's grave on 17 Sep 1987, and beatified him on 25 Sep 1988; Pope Francis canonized him on 23 Sep 2015.


Assignments:

  • (24 Nov 1713) Born in Petra, Majorca, Spain
  • (14 Sep 1730) Entered the Catholic Franciscan Order
  • (1737-1743) Professor of Theology
  • (1743-1749) Professor at Lullian University
  • (1750-1767) Missionary work in Mexico
  • (1767-1769) Father Superior of the Indian Missions in Baja (Lower) California
  • (1769-1784) Father Presidente of the Indian Missions in Alta (Upper) California and Baja (Lower) California
  • (28 Aug 1784) Died at Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo, Alta (Upper) California

Personal Description:

  • Height: 5' 2"
  • Build: Slight
  • Hair Color: .....
  • Eye Color: .....

Sources:

Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
content
Share
Google AdSense
Toolbox