Fort Massac

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Fort Massac (1757-1764, 1794-1817, 1850-1864) - First established by the French in 1757 as Fort Ascension. Renamed Fort Massiac in 1759 after the French minister of marine, the Marquis de Massac. Renamed again by the Americans in 1794 as Fort Massac. Finally abandoned in 1864.

Fort Massac Officer's Quarters Replica
Fort Massac West Barracks Replica
Fort Massac Replica River Side View

French Fort History

Original Fort Location Marked with Posts

Fort Ascension was completed 2 Jun 1757 by the French to protect their interests on the upper Ohio River. The fort quickly deteriorated and had to be rebuilt in 1759-60. At the end of the French & Indian War it was abandoned by the French and destroyed by Indians. The British chose not to occupy the ruined fort even though the 1763 Treaty of Paris gave them control of the territory.

American Fort History

Fort Massac Northwest Corner

In 1794 the fort was rebuilt over the ruins of the original French fort by American General Anthony Wayne. American troops occupied the fort periodically through 1817 before it was abandoned. Lewis and Clark stopped at the fort in 1803 to recruit members for the Corps of Discovery and hired on Pierre Drouillard, a key member of the expedition.

The fort was again rebuilt in 1850 as a factory-fort that produced all sorts of military supplies. Throughout the U.S. Civil War the fort was sporadically occupied by Union troops but was finally abandoned at the end of the war.

Current Status

Fort Massac George Rogers Clark Statue

Part of Massac State Park, Illinois. A replica of the 1802 American fort is located just to the northeast of the actual site close to the Ohio River. The actual site is outlined with log posts that indicate the location of fortifications and buildings. A statue of George Rogers Clark is also at the site of the original fort.


Location: Fort Massac State Park, Massac County, Illinois.

Maps & Images

Lat: 37.1427778 Long: -88.7116667

Sources:

Links:

Visited: 30 Jun 2010

Fort Massac Picture Gallery

Click on the picture to see a larger version. Contribute additional pictures - the more the better!

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