Detroit Arsenal (1)

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Detroit Arsenal (1) (1833-1877) - A U.S. Army arsenal established in 1833 and completed in 1837. Located in present day Dearborn (formerly Dearbornville), Wayne County, Michigan. Abandoned in 1877. Also known as Dearborn Arsenal and Dearbornville Arsenal.

Detroit Arsenal Sutler's Shop
Detroit Arsenal Commandant's Quarters
Detroit Arsenal Smith and Carpenter Shops

Detroit Arsenal (1) History

A U.S. Army arsenal established in 1833 and completed in 1837. The arsenal was built on the Rouge River at a distance from Detroit to minimize any destruction that might result from an explosion. The eleven arsenal buildings were arranged around a 360' square and connected by an 12' high masonry wall. The buildings were all constructed of brick and included a three story main depot structure.

Detroit Arsenal Buildings
  • Main Armory
  • Sutler's Store
  • Guard House
  • Commandant's Quarters
  • Surgeon's Quarters
  • Enlisted Men's Barracks
  • Carpenter Shop
  • Smith's Shop
  • Saddler's Shop
  • Gun Carriage Shed
  • Arsenal Office
  • Powder Magazine

Abandoned and the buildings sold off in 1877.


Detroit Arsenal (1) Partial Commanders List (edit list)
Assumed Relieved Rank Name Cullum Notes
1842 1843 ‘2d Lt. Kingsbury, Charles P. 1018
1844 1844 ‘2d Lt. Kingsbury, Charles P. 1018
1871-10-19 1875-04-19 “Capt. Todd, John W. 1541
1865-11-07 1867-06-06 ’1st Lt. Smyser, Jacob H. 1915
1867-08-07 1868-11-24 “Capt. Edie, John R. 1946
1869-10-01 1871-10-25 “Capt. Parker, Francis H. 1952
1851 1855 ’1st Lt. Wainwright, Robert A. 837
1844 1846 ‘2d Lt. Callender, Franklin D. 993
1848 1851 ’1st Lt. Callender, Franklin D. 993
Dates are formatted in yyyy-mm-dd to sort correctly.
The Cullum Number is the graduation order from the United States Military Academy by year and class rank and links to a page for the officer on the website version of the Cullum Register. Listings without a Cullum Number indicate that the person was not a graduate of the United States Military Academy.

Current Status

The commandant's quarters was restored in 1959 and is now the Dearborn Historical Museum in Dearborn, Wayne County, Michigan.


Location: 21950 Michigan Ave., Dearborn, Wayne County, Michigan.

Maps & Images

Lat: 42.306389 Long: -83.243889

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Detroit Arsenal (1) Picture Gallery

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