Camp Kearny (2)

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Camp Kearny (2) (1917-1920) - A World War I U.S. Army training Camp established in 1917 on present day Marine Corps Air Station Miramar in San Diego County, California. Named Camp Kearny after Brigadier General Stephen Watts Kearny. Abandoned in 1920.

Camp Kearny Panorama circa 1918
Camp Kearny Remount Station Panorama circa 1918

World War I (1917-1918)

One of sixteen U.S. Army National Guard Mobilization and Training Camps established to train and integrate National Guard units for service in a U.S. Army division. Camp Kearny was established 23 Jul 1917 under the supervision of construction quartermaster 1st Lt. Charles Rogers on a site of about 2,130 acres. The camp was to have a capacity of about 31,000 officers and enlisted men that would become the 40th U.S. Infantry Division. The camp was mostly completed in November at an eventual cost of $ 5,900,000.

The first commander of the camp was Major General Frederick S. Strong (Cullum 2837), who formed the 40th U.S. Infantry Division and initiated troop training. General Strong remained with the division until it was demobilized. The 40th was formed on 25 Aug 1917, trained and then arrived in France in August 1918. The division was designated as a depot division early in November 1918 to furnish replacements for losses in other divisions. Two units of the division saw combat but the division as a whole did not. The 40th Division Headquarters returned to the U.S. in February 1919 and was demobilized on 20 Apr 1919 at Camp Kearny.

At the end of the war the camp became a demobilization and convalescent center before closing as a training camp on 31 Oct 1920.


Camp Kearny (2) Partial Commanders List (edit list)
Assumed Relieved Rank Name Cullum Notes
1919 1919-07-13 ˜Maj.‑Gen. Strong, Frederick S. 2837
1919-07-17 1920-09-01 ˜Maj.‑Gen. Kuhn, Joseph E. 3058
Dates are formatted in yyyy-mm-dd to sort correctly.
The Cullum Number is the graduation order from the United States Military Academy by year and class rank and links to a page for the officer on the website version of the Cullum Register. Listings without a Cullum Number indicate that the person was not a graduate of the United States Military Academy.

Current Status

The site is part of Marine Corps Air Station Miramar, San Diego County, California.


Location: Marine Corps Air Station Miramar, San Diego County, California. Map point is approximate.

Maps & Images

Lat: 32.867778 Long: -117.141667

Sources:

  • Ayres, Leonard Porter, The War with Germany: A Statistical Summary, U.S. War Department, 2nd Ed, 1919, 147 pages
  • Rinaldi, Richard A., The US Army in World War I - Orders of Battle, Tiger Lily Publications LLC, 2004, 244 pages
  • Brief Histories of Divisions, U.S. Army: 1917-1918, U.S.A. General Staff, June 1921, 92 pages
  • Morden, Lt. Colonel Earle B., The Work of the Construction Division of the United States Army from Coast to Coast, 1917-1919, The Journal of the Engineers' Club of Philadelphia, Vol XXXVII-3, March 1920, No. 184, (Google Books)

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