Battery Peck

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Battery Peck (1903-1943) - Battery Peck was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 6 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Hancock (2), New Jersey. The battery was named in G.O. 105, 9 Oct 1902, after 1st Lt. Fremont P. Peck (Cullum 3190), Ordnance Department, U.S. Army, who was accidentally killed 10 Feb 1895, by the bursting of a gun at Sandy Hook Proving Ground, New Jersey. Battery construction started in 1901, was completed in 1903 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 10 Nov 1903 at a cost of $ 33,940.25. Deactivated in 1943.

Fort Hancock Battery Peck BC Station
Fort Hancock Battery Peck Shell Hoist
Fort Hancock Battery Peck from the Rear

Endicott Period

Part of the Harbor Defense of Southern New York.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 6" M1900 guns mounted on M1900 Barbette carriages. This was a two story battery with the guns on the upper level and a common magazine on the lower level. Two hand powered Hodges shell hoists lifted the ammunition from the lower level to the gun loading platform. The shell hoists were transferred for use on 10 Nov 1903.

Battery Gunnison Armament (edit list)
Model Serial
Manufacturer Carriage Service
1 6" Rifle 310.4" M1900 27 Watervliet Barbette, M1900, #12, Rock Island 1905-1943 See note 1
2 6" Rifle 310.4" M1900 28 Watervliet Barbette, M1900, #17, Watervliet 1905-1943 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 17 Nov 1927, Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 96-97, 207
Note 1: CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Peck Plan

World War I

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. Battery Peck was not affected by the World War I redistribution or the 1920 disarmament program.

World War II

In early 1943 the guns and carriages were removed to Battery Gunnison for use as an examination battery. This battery was then modified for use as Battery AMTB 8 - Peck and two 90mm guns were mounted alongside the old gun positions.

Current Status

Part of the Gateway National Recreation Area, Fort Hancock Unit. No period guns or mounts in place. The battery is very overgrown and deteriorating.

Location: Fort Hancock, Monmouth County, New Jersey

Maps & Images

Lat: 40.4714041 Long: -74.0057516

Recent Blog Posts:


  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of New York, (HDNY-AN-44), 1 Sep 1944, CDSG


Visited: 14 Aug 2010

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